Wednesday, 22 December 2010

UKPMC is Zotero-enabled

Zotero is a free, easy-to-use research tool that helps you gather, organize, and analyze sources (citations, full texts, web pages, images, and other objects), and lets you share the results of your research in a variety of ways.

UKPMC is now "Zotero enabled", which means that users can store the bibliographic details of any UKPMC article directly into their Zotero Library. Items held in a Zotero Library can be exported as formatted references, tagged and searched. Figure 1, below, shows how to add a single item to your Zotero library.

Figure 1: Adding a single record to your Zotero library

When viewing a full text article (in html, not pdf) it is also possible to extract details of all the articles referenced in that article. (See Figure 2).

Figure 2: Adding multiple record to your Zotero library

Further information about Zotero - a extension to the popular open-source web browser Firefox - can be found at:

Monday, 6 December 2010

Eugenics Review : digitised and freely available through UKPMC

The complete archive of the Eugenics Review journal - from 1909 through to 1968 when the title ceased - has been digitised through the Wellcome Library's Backfile Digitisation Project, and is now freely available at UKPMC and PubMed Central.

As the official journal of the Eugenics Education Society (later known as just the Eugenics Society) , the Review published papers written by prominent members of the eugenics movement, including Francis Galton, Julian Huxley and Major Leonard Darwin.

The Eugenics Society was founded to promote public awareness of eugenic problems, i.e. the existence of hereditary qualities both positive and negative, and the need to encourage social responsibility with respect to these qualities.

The Wellcome Library also holds the archives of the Eugenics Society.

Submission fees – a viable business model for Open Access publishing

A new study commissioned by the Knowledge Exchange argues that there can be benefits to publishers if they switch to a model based on submission fees.

The report “Submission fees – A tool in the transition to Open Access?”, written by Mark Ware, concludes that this model could be particularly relevant to journals with a high rejection rate.  They could combine submission fees with article processing charges in order to make the transition to open access easier.

The model has attracted interest but publishers regard the risks, particularly those involved in any transition, as outweighing the perceived benefits.  To support any transition, funders, institutions and publication funds could explicitly allow submission fees as a cost as this is often unclear in their policies.

This new study draws on research (conducted SQW Ltd on behalf of the Wellcome Trust), which also concluded that submission fees could play a key role in helping publishers transition to an open access model.

When a publisher offer a Wellcome-compliant open access model (i.e. deposition of the final paper in PMC/UKPMC at the time of publication, and a licence which allows the work to be re-used), then publisher submission fees are an allowable expense.

Thursday, 2 December 2010

UK PubMed Central report from NIHR 'trainee' meeting

Over 240 National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) trainees recently attended the 4th Annual meeting at the Midlands Hotel in Manchester (November 30th - December 1st). Despite the freezing temperatures outside, the atmosphere inside was warm, welcoming and friendly.
The term ‘trainee’ is probably quite inappropriate, as it evokes the image of fresh young graduates. Here the trainees were a diverse group (doctors, dentists, midwives, statisticians, health economists and other allied health professionals). Many were senior fellows or clinical lecturers. We have all heard about working young doctors with long hours, but this group work exceptionally hard to manage a research programme alongside their professional duties on the wards and clinics.
Events were chaired by Professor Jim Neilson, NIHR Dean for Training and Dr Lisa Cotterill, Director of the NIHR Trainees Coordinating Centre. Delegates heard an upbeat assessment of the future of National Health Service (NHS) clinical research by Dr Russell Hamilton, Director of R&D for the Department of Health (DH). Despite the climate of economic uncertainty, the powers that be are convinced that clinical research will continue to be an important and protected activity for the NHS. Sir Iain Chalmers of the James Lind Library, delivered an inspiring lecture on evidence-based medicine and illustrated this with his moving personal experiences of Gaza in 1969/1970 and 2009/2010. Breakout sessions gave delegates the opportunity to discuss personal perspectives on managing a research career alongside clinical duties and focus on career development issues.
The meeting was attended on behalf of UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) by our newly appointed Engagement Officer, Dr Mohammed Tasab. Delegates were pleasantly surprised to learn of the range of useful tools and clinically relevant content available from the UKPMC site. The grant lookup facility and the availability of UK clinical guidelines were of particular interest to many participants.
In association with the other UKPMC funders, the DH and the NIHR is an important partner in the UKPMC initiative. They require that [for applications submitted from 1st April 2007] peer-reviewed research papers accepted for publication, and supported in whole or in part by DH/NIHR, are deposited at the earliest opportunity – and in any case within six months - in UKPMC.
Author: Mohammed Tasab

Wednesday, 1 December 2010

Window display to promote open access and UKPMC

At the Wellcome Trust we are always keen to try new ways to promote our open access policy, and the UKPMC repository.

Our latest promotional activity involves a huge poster in the rear window (Gower Place) of the Wellcome Trust HQ, in London.

In addition to promoting OA, the poster also provides the opportunity for the Trust to promote its data sharing policy, and the work it is doing in providing access to the Library's collections, through its ambitious digitisation programme.

Monday, 29 November 2010

Almost 60% of Wellcome-funded papers in PMC are fully open access

The Wellcome Trust's Open Access policy has always made it clear that it considers dissemination costs as legitimate research costs and as such provides grantholders with additional funding, through their institutions, to cover open access charges.

In view of this I thought it would be interesting to see how many papers, attributed to the Wellcome Trust and available through PMC and UKPMC, were "fully" open access papers, in accordance with the Bethesda Principles.

In summary, this means research articles which:
  • were made available in PMC with no embargo
  • deposited by the publisher as "version of record" articles (i.e. excluding Accepted Author Manuscripts (AAMs)
  • included an article-level licence that permitted re-use.
To identify the number of "full" OA articles I ran the following search on PMC (on 29th November 2010)
  1. "wellcome trust" [gr] 14748 articles
    [This finds all articles in which the Wellcome Trust has been identified as a research funder]
  2. Limit #1 to articles published in 2009 = 2483
    [This includes "full" OA articles, as well as author manuscripts, and articles which were made available through PMC because the publisher makes all content available through this repository.]
  3. Limit #2 to "open access" articles = 1436
    [This limits the previous set to full OA articles, as described above.]

    A simple test to validate that the articles are "full OA" is to check that these articles are included in the OA subset, and thus can downloaded in XML format.  The syntax for this is: (simply replace the last 7 digits with any open access PMC ID to see the XML
Using the above strategy we can see that around 58% of these articles are fully OA (in accordance with the Bethesda Principles). 

Full figures are shown below:
  • Number of full, Bethesda-compliant, OA articles: 1436 (58%)
  • Number of AAM's: 483 (19%)
  • Number of other Version of Record articles, but had no explicit re-use licence: 564 (23%)

Wednesday, 24 November 2010

Company of Biologists develop full open access option

The Company of Biologists (COB) - publishers of Development and Journal of Cell Science - has developed an open access ("gold") option, which meets the requirements of the UKPMC Funders' Group.

For a fee of £1350, the COB will deposit the final version of the article in PubMed Central (at the time of publication) and allow these articles to be re-used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution, non-commercial, share-alike licence.

From January 2011, all content for Disease Models & Mechanisms will be Open Access. The Article Processing Cost (APC) for this title is also £1350 (plus VAT if applicable).

Friday, 12 November 2010

All authors now displayed in UKPMC search results

In response to user feedback, the UKPMC search results page now displays all the authors associated with any published article.

Prior to this change, the search results page had shown just the first seven authors, with the full set of authors only being visible from the abstract and full-text views.

Further feedback on the UKPMC service is welcomed.

Wednesday, 10 November 2010

Article about UKPMC in Nucleic Acids Research (Database Issue)

The January 2011 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue includes an article by Jo McEntrye and others, that describes the UKPMC service and the developments which have taken place over the last three years.

Key developments include:
  • Single search: Through UKPMC a user can search across some 24 million bibliographic records drawn from PubMed, Patents and recent biomedical theses, as well as the 1.8 million full-text articles held in the UKPMC repository

  • Citation services: UKPMC contains ‘Cited By’ information as an alternative way to navigate the literature.
  • Text mining services. UKPMC has incorporated text-mining approaches to semantically enrich content and integrate it with related database resources.

  • Grantee services. Through UKPMC+ grantees can deposit manuscripts, link papers to grants, publish online portfolios and view citation information on their papers. .
The article also clarifies the relationship between PMC and UKPMC, providing historical context and future directions.

HTML version
PDF version
Screen version

NAR is in fully open access journal.

Tuesday, 2 November 2010

Open access at the Wellcome Trust: 5 years on

In October 2006 the Wellcome Trust become the world’s first research funder to develop an open access policy that required the research outputs, that arose from its funding, to be made freely available.  This presentation, delivered at the recent Berlin 8 meeting, reviews the progress that has been made over the past 5 years – in terms of compliance with the mandate, providing the infrastructure to support open access, and working with publishers to help them develop “Wellcome-compliant” publishing policies – and outlines what additional steps the Trust needs to take to help realise the full potential of its open access mandate.

Looking forward, the presentation also discusses the aspirations of the Wellcome Trust to transform UK PubMed Central into a single, Europe-wide repository for life-sciences research and, more generally, considers how research funders could help to influence innovation in scientific publishing in the open access arena.

View the presentation

Monday, 1 November 2010

UKPMC now offers search RSS

By running a search through UKPMC, then clicking on the RSS feed logo RSS feed logo once your search results have been displayed, you can add a search as feeds in a bookmark to your browser. When new journals are added to UKPMC, the updates will alter your search (remember to refresh your browser rather than used cached contents) - you just click through to the title you want to link through from the feed, accessible from your browser's bookmarks.

Author: Paul Davey

Links to chemical compounds now enabled

As part of the text-mining work being undertaken by European Bioinformatics Institutue [EBI] and The National Centre for Text Mining [NaCTeM], it is now possible to get a list of all chemicals cited in a full-text article at UKPMC and link through to Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) database for further information.

By way of example, on viewing the article at  - and clicking on the Bioentities Tab - you will see that 11 chemical compounds have been identified. 

In addition to chemical compounds, UKPMC articles are also linked to genes and proteins, protein interactions, species, and diseases.

Thursday, 7 October 2010

FTP site for Open Access articles now available

The Open Access subset of UKPMC articles - which as of October 7th 2010 contains around 195,000 full-text articles - can be downloaded via:

The content are available as 20 zipped files, named according to the PMCID range that each zipped file contains. The files are updated weekly.

Friday, 20 August 2010

UKPMC provides WoS citation counts

UKPMC users can now view counts and link through to Web of Science citation data for articles available via the UKPMC website.

The UKPMC citations tab available on both the abstract and full text view of an article, already providing 'cited by' and 'cites the following' data, has been augmented by a WoS citation count, which links through to the full citation details on the WoS site.

Thursday, 1 July 2010

Analysis of where Wellcome-funded authors publish: 2009 data

An analysis of publication data for 2009 identifies a total 5263 Wellcome-attribured articles in PubMed, of which 2313 are freely available in UKPMC. This indicates an overall open access compliance figure of around 44%.

Looking at the data more granularly, we can also see which journals are most used by Wellcome-funded authors.

In total, some 1113 journals published Wellcome-funded research in 2009 -- from Acta Crystallographica through to Zoones and Public Health -- with the top 10 titles (in terms of total number of articles published) publishing some 14% (733 articles) of the total "Wellcome research output".

As can be seen from the image above (click on it to make it legible), PLoS One was the title most used by Wellcome-funded researchers, publishing a total of 136 papers in 2009.

Why use UK PubMed Central?

You have probably used PubMed, or PubMed Central, the archive of full-text life sciences journals (both developed by the National Center for Biotechnology - NCBI, at the National Library of Medicine in the United States). Developed in close collaboration with NCBI, UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) offers, at its core, the very same as PubMed and PubMed Central - access to the widest range of free, peer-reviewed and quality assessed biomedical and health literature available anywhere. That equates to over 19 million abstracts and 1.8 million full text articles but they are brought together to search from one website.
In addition, UK PubMed Central provides a gateway to a wealth of unique additional content and innovative features which specifically support the UK researcher's information requirements.

What is different about UK PubMed Central?

It is not just about the range of literature available, currently 23,661,932 items (as at 22.06.2010), it is also the clarity and ease of use of the interface, the innovative and practical features available to you, and the links to potentially relevant sources of information which have been peer-reviewed and quality-assessed, that make UKPMC unique.

Additional content

As well as access to the entire content of PubMed, UKPMC offers links to additional content sets and databases. You can download more than 2,700 National Health Service clinical guidelines; search for almost 2 million patents; and look-up more than 20,000 PhD theses. For those with an interest in agriculture, UKPMC even offers access to Agricola, the United States Agricultural Library database.

An Interface and functionality developed in consultation with the research community

All our developments have been undertaken following iterative, collaborative consultation with biomedical and health researchers from across the UK. Through focus groups, workshops, online surveys and face-to-face consultations we have developed an interface that is intuitive, clear and easy to navigate.

Practical features and tools to support your research

As you search UKPMC, you can record all your searches. collate and email search results, and export citations into reference management software (RIS export format is supported). Other relevant articles are automatically highlighted as you search, and you can also broaden or narrow your search to other articles using our MESH subject indexing.

A breadcrumb trail: taking you to further relevant, peer-reviewed sources of information

When you find a research article of interest, and click through to it, UKPMC may also provide you with links, where available, to other sources of information gleaned from terms found within abstracts or the full text of articles you have downloaded. You can tick checkboxes to highlight key terms such as - Gene Ontology; Genes/ Proteins; Species - or you can also link to further sources of information such as biological entities, or to papers cited by the article (and, when available, also find out who has cited the article).
It is our aim to improve the UKPMC Beta service so it benefits you and your research needs. We welcome any feedback you may have. Please email us at or click the feedback button on our website.
Author: Paul Davey

Tuesday, 22 June 2010

UKPMC Beta service moves into production

As of Wednesday 23rd June, the UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) Open Beta site will go into full production mode, replacing the 'Classic' service available at

Unveiled at a showcase event at the British Library earlier this year, the UKPMC Beta site provides users with a single point of access to:
This content is made available to users via a completely redesigned user interface, which provides citation and full-text search; quick retrieval of relevant content; facetting of results; 'cited by', 'cites the following', 'biological entities' and 'related articles' links for journal articles and a full range of clipboard and export options.

In addition, the site has begun to integrate text-mining services which highlight and link biological entity types - currently gene/protein interactions, gene ontology terms, species, drugs and diseases - found within the text of an article to relevant external data sources.

Whilst of production quality, these services are still in development - for the UKPMC Beta site with its current functionality is an interim deliverable of a three-year programme of work which runs until June 2011. Over the next 12 months the UKPMC site and its services will continue to evolve. More information about this programme is available on the UKPMC website.


UK PubMed Central is a service of the UKPMC Funders Group working in partnership with the British Library, University of Manchester and the European Bioinformatics Institute in cooperation with the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NCBI/NLM).

Wednesday, 9 June 2010

98% of articles in PMC accessed in one year

At a recent PubMed Central National Advisory Committe meeting, David Lipman (Director of NCBI) gave a presentation on the current status of PubMed Central which included the following data:

  • Over 1.9 million articles are available in PMC. (Expected to hit 2 million by end of June '10);
  • Participating journals: 640 full participants; 220 that participate through the NIH Portfolio; 880 titles who provide "selective deposit" to PMC (i.e. through author-pays model);
  • In a single month (March 2010) over 20 million articles were downloaded;
  • Over a period of 12 months (2009) 98% of content in PMC was accessed at least once; 69% of the articles were accessed 10 times or more (see image above).

Monday, 7 June 2010

Karger offer "Wellcome-compliant" OA option

Karger Publishers have introduced an open access option, known as "Author's Choice".

In return for a fee of CHF 3,000, Karger will make an article freely available (at the time of publication) through , as well as depositing the final version directly into PubMed Central.

Articles routed through this mechanism are licenced under the Creative Commons, Attribution, Non-commercial licence. For further details see:

This Author Choice option meets the requirements of the Wellcome Trust and the other funders in the UKPMC Funders' Group.

Tuesday, 25 May 2010

ASM launches open access journal

The American Society for Microbiology have launched a full online only, open access journal, known as mBio.

In an attempt to "break away from the current publication model", mBio editors will "either accept or reject manuscripts and will request only minor revisions; editors generally will not require authors to make extensive modifications or perform additional experiments. mBio's streamlined decisions do not mean less rigorous peer review, however. mBio editors, invited editors, and external referees are all active working scientists who are in the best position to judge the quality and importance of the work."

Another innovative development is the requirement for authors to explain, in plain English ,why the work is important. mBio editors hope that this development "will allow the importance of the work to be appreciated by nonspecialist scientists and critical nonscientific audiences, such as lay media, policy makers, and the general public." An example of this feature can be seen here.

All articles published in mBio are licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
The publication fee (article process charge) is $2000 for ASM members and $3000 for non-members.

All articles will be made freely available from UK PubMed Central and PubMed Central.

Thursday, 20 May 2010

Transparent OA pricing policy from the Royal Society

The Royal Society has announced plans to develop a transparent pricing policy in which the subscription cost of its journals are linked to the uptake of author-pays, open access articles.

"From 2012 we shall implement a new and more transparent pricing policy in which the price of each journal is tied to the number of non-open access articles published in that journal and each journal will publish the relevant article counts annually. We recognise the legitimate concerns of the research community that publishers of hybrid open access journals should take full account of the income they receive from article charges when setting subscription prices and believe that this model represents a coherent and viable way forward."

Further details of the Royal Society's open access publishing option (known as EXiS) can be found here.

See related post: Wellcome Trust calls for greater transparency from journals on open access publishing costs

Monday, 22 March 2010

Open access costs and benefits for universities: report available

Open Access can offer universities real cost saving benefits, claims Alma Swan in a report - 'Modelling Scholarly Communication Options: Costs and Benefits for Univeresities', published in February 2010 (download here:

Swan claims that the move to Open Access can 'disrupt systems and processes that have been in place for a very long time' (page i, Executive Summary) but the report makes it clear that it will be worth the effort, economically, in the longer term. 'Academic returns help in outweighing the price of change'.

The report includes analysis of the savings that could be made (or losses incurred) when adopting different OA routes, but in general argues the case for there being many advantageous cost savings to be made. One extremely important aspect for the researcher is the potential for OA to increase visibility, which 'translates into a high level of usage, measured by the number of downloads from repositories or from publishers' websites wherever articles are provided through these website in an openly accessible way' (p.58).

Monday, 1 March 2010

European research funders throw weight behind UK open access repository

Four European research funders have today added their support to the open access repository UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) by agreeing that the life sciences research outputs made possible with their funding are made freely available through this repository.

Launched in January 2007, UKPMC is a free-to-access digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed biomedical and life sciences research. As of February 2010, it holds over 1.7 million full text articles. The ambition of the repository is to become the information resource of choice for the UK biomedical and health research communities and eventually to expand to become 'Europe PubMed Central'.

Today, this aim takes a step closer as four European research-funding organisations - the Health Research Board Ireland and Science Foundation Ireland, Telethon Italy and the Austrian Science Fund - have agreed to participate in UKPMC. The funders will mandate that all biomedical research outputs that arise from their funding are made freely available - typically within six months of publication - from the UKPMC repository.

The development has been welcomed by Sir Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust, one of the principal funders of UKPMC: "Free access to peer-reviewed research is essential for facilitating progress in biomedicine. I am delighted that these European funders have thrown their support behind UKPMC, and hope that other European research funders will follow their example. This should enable us to build on the success of the repository and expand to a Europe-wide service."

The four European funders will take part in 'Phase I' of UKPMC, and as such will be provided with a fully-managed repository service, along with a manuscript submission system to allow their researchers to archive their papers in the UKPMC repository. Access to the Grant Reporting System is also enabled, allowing researchers to report on the outputs of their grants.

Lucia Monaco, Chief Scientific Officer, Telethon Italy, commented that "as a charity funded by patients, we are excited about the opportunity to make the primary outputs of our research freely available to scientists, patients, donors and the general public through UKPMC. The world-wide visibility offered by UKPMC through its connection to PMC and the European prospect it offers have made it the repository of choice for Telethon-supported publications".

Funders will also benefit from the developments being made to the UKPMC service. Key developments include providing the functionality - through text and data mining technologies - to integrate research articles with a range of other online sources, such as gene, protein and chemical compound databases, and to integrate a range of bibliographic databases - including Medline, Patents and Agricola - into a single, seamless discovery tool.

Phase I funding is based on a simple 'pay-as-you-go' model in which a small fee is charged for each author manuscript that is deposited in the UKPMC repository (to cover the cost of converting a manuscript to XML). All ongoing infrastructure costs will continue to be met by the existing UKPMC funders.

It is anticipated that Phase I will run until Summer 2011, to be followed by Phase II, a fully fledged Europe PubMed Central with a range of additional, value-added services.

Tuesday, 16 February 2010

Raising compliance with UKPMC Funders’ OA mandates: action plan

The Wellcome Trust, on behalf of the UKPMC Funders’ Group, held a workshop in September 2009, for HEI repository managers and research/open access administrators, to discuss the issues involved in ensuring that funder open access mandates are met.

Prior to the workshop, a questionnaire was distributed to delegates, to identify the different barriers (and the most important of these) which prevent adherence to the mandates.

The results of the survey were summarised during the workshop and then delegates broke into groups to develop actions around the main themes of :
  • Accessing funding
  • Communication
  • Monitoring compliance
  • Messages for publishers
The actions generated from these groups form the basis of a joint action plan, which comprises three ‘mini’ action plans: one for funders, one for institutions and one for publishers.
The UKPMC Funders’ Group will take overall ownership of the further development and implementation of these plans and will work with institutions and publishers to do this, through a new ‘Institutions’ Panel’ and a reconvened ‘Publishers’ Panel’.
The Insitutions' Panel is now being established by the Wellcome Trust. The inaugural meeting will be in April or May 2010 and it is likely that the panel will meet twice a year. Any repository managers or research/open access administrators who support researchers funded by UKPMC funding organisations who are interested in finding out more about this panel, or who would like to join, are invited to contact the Wellcome Trust, in the first instance, at

Friday, 15 January 2010

Maney Publishing Group develops Open Access option

Maney Publishing have developed an author-pays option for around 40 of their journals, including 15 titles in the health sciences with the intention to expand this to humanities journals in the future.

In return for paying a fee of US$2,000/£1,250 Maney will deposit the final version of the article directly to PMC (and other repositories as nominated by the author).

Articles published under the MORE OpenChoice option will be licenced using the Creative Commons, Attribution, non-commerical licence. Further details are available on the Maney web site.

This OpenChoice option meets the requirements of the Wellcome Trust and the other UKPMC Funders

Monday, 11 January 2010

Innovative new web interface improves access to UK’s largest free online life sciences resource

The British Library have issued a press release to announce the launch of the new UK PubMed Central Open Beta website at

Helping researchers access and exploit over 1.7 million full-text, peer reviewed biomedical research articles and over 19 million other life science research papers, on 12 January the British Library will showcase a whole range of new search and data mining tools designed to unlock the scientific knowledge held by UK PubMed Central.

Developed in direct consultation with researchers, UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) aims to become the information resource of choice for the UK biomedical and health research community. Launched by Professor Dame Sally C. Davies, Director General, Research and Development at the Department of Health, the Open Beta version of UKPMC will enable researchers to search and link information from literature and drill down into underlying datasets in new and innovative ways.

Supported by the UK's eight principal funders of biomedical and health research, who fund over 90% of the country's research publications in the field, UKPMC offers users a comprehensive and sustainable repository for UK funded free-to-access life sciences research. Developed in collaboration with the founders of PubMed Central in the US, the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), the consolidation of published research outputs into globally accessible resources such as UKPMC is not only vital for widening access to knowledge and improving the efficiency of desk research, but it will also vastly improve the ability of funding organisations to assess the impact of their research, and help to better inform scientific strategy and policy making.

The showcase event will provide the chance to try out some of the new features that have been developed by the British Library and the consortium of programme partners including European Bioinformatics Institute, Mimas at the University of Manchester and the National Centre for Text Mining. There will also be the opportunity to hear from some of the key funders behind the programme, including Professor Doug Kell, Chief Executive of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, and Sir Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust, on the value and importance of UKPMC for the research community.

The easy-to-use, intuitive interface developed by the British Library for the latest Beta version will enable researchers to:

  • Conduct a full-text search of 1.7 million articles
  • Access abstracts for over 19 million articles
  • Exploit the scientific literature with innovative features which enrich abstracts and full-text articles by linking scientific terms to other sources of quality assured and useful information
  • Search content not included in traditional journal literature – including clinical guidelines as well as other hard to find material such as PhD theses

Professor Dame Sally C Davies – Director General Research and Development Department of Health said:

“I am delighted that UK PubMed Central is ready to launch new features on its website. This technology will make it possible to discover and use hidden ‘gems' of information buried in the documents within UK PubMed Central. The Funders' commitment to Open Access, and to making research outputs available through UK PubMed Central, means this advance will increase the knowledge base and allow research to realise even greater health and economic benefits for this country.”

Richard Boulderstone, the British Library's Director of eStrategy, says:

“With over 1.7 million full-text, free-to-access biomedical research articles and an ever increasing archive of additional research content, such as PhD Theses and Clinical Guidelines, UK PubMed Central is fast becoming the information resource of choice for the UK's biomedical and health research community. Developed by the British Library through open consultation with a wide range of researchers, the new data mining tools will allow users to really interrogate the collection; informing research, reducing duplication of work, and inspiring new scientific discovery.”

For more information and interviews please contact the British Library Press Office - Jacob Lant / +44(0)20 7412 7105 or Miki Lentin / +44(0)20 7412 7112.
Notes for Editors

1. UK PubMed Central ( ) is a UK initiative of PubMed Central, the free archive of life sciences journals developed by the National Institutes of Health National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). NCBI is based at the National Library of Medicine in the United States. Read more on PubMed Central's international initiative here:

2. UK PubMed Central mission is to become the information resource of choice for the UK biomedical and health research community by:

  • Establishing and expanding a single sustainable repository for UK-funded research outputs
  • Developing innovative tools to enable better and more effective use of the existing content
  • Providing access to additional content that integrates seamlessly into the UK PubMed Central web-site
  • Creating comprehensive analysis and reporting tools for researchers and funders to inform strategy and policy making

3. UK PubMed Central is supported with funding from:

• The Arthritis Research Campaign is the leading authority on arthritis in the UK, conducting scientific and medical research into all types of arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions. It is the UK 's fourth largest medical research charity and the only charity solely committed to funding high quality research into the cause, treatment and cure of arthritis, which affects more than ten million people in the UK today and millions more worldwide. We rely entirely on public donations to fund our research and education programmes, and spend more than £30m a year in universities and medical schools to support pioneering biomedical research in order to improve the lives of people with arthritis.

• The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) is the UK funding agency for research in the life sciences. Sponsored by Government, BBSRC annually invests around £450M in a wide range of research that makes a significant contribution to the quality of life for UK citizens and supports a number of important industrial stakeholders including the agriculture, food, chemical, healthcare and pharmaceutical sectors. BBSRC carries out its mission by funding internationally competitive research, providing training in the biosciences, fostering opportunities for knowledge transfer and innovation and promoting interaction with the public and other stakeholders on issues of scientific interest in universities, centres and institutes.

• British Heart Foundation is the nation's heart charity, dedicated to saving lives through pioneering research, patient care, campaigning for change and by providing vital information. But we urgently need help. We rely on donations of time and money to continue our life-saving work. Because together we can beat heart disease.

• Cancer Research UK is the world's leading charity dedicated to beating cancer through research. The charity's groundbreaking work into the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer has helped save millions of lives. This work is funded entirely by the public. Cancer Research UK has been at the heart of the progress that has already seen survival rates double in the last thirty years. Cancer Research UK supports research into all aspects of cancer through the work of more than 4,800 scientists, doctors and nurses. Together with its partners and supporters, Cancer Research UK's vision is to beat cancer.

• Chief Scientist Office is part of the Scottish Government Health Directorates, which supports and promotes high quality research aimed at improving the quality and cost-effectiveness of services offered by NHS Scotland and securing lasting improvements to the health of the people of Scotland. CSO supports research initiated by the research community in Scotland and advises the Scottish Government on how research contributes to improvements in health and healthcare. CSO's research strategy "Investing in Research: Improving Health" sets out our aims for the next 5 years and features changes to give greater emphasis to funding experimental and translational medicine research and health services and health population research. CSO also aims to deliver value for money through partnerships with other funding agencies and to foster Scotland-wide working through the Scottish Academic health Services Collaboration.

• Department of Health - Through the National Institute for Health Research, the Department of Health supports research in the NHS in England, with a budget of around £900m in 2009/10. The development of the NIHR includes a series of measures designed to transform the health research environment. See The NIHR's mission is to create a health research system in which the NHS supports outstanding individuals working in world-class facilities, conducting leading-edge research, focused on the needs of patients and the public.

• Medical Research Council For almost 100 years the Medical Research Council has improved the health of people in the UK and around the world by supporting the highest quality science. The MRC invests in world-class scientists. It has produced 29 Nobel Prize winners and sustains a flourishing environment for internationally recognised research. The MRC focuses on making an impact and provides the financial muscle and scientific expertise behind medical breakthroughs, including the first antibiotic penicillin, the structure of DNA and the lethal link between smoking and cancer. Today MRC funded scientists tackle research into the major health challenges of the 21st century.

• The Wellcome Trust is the largest charity in the UK. It funds innovative biomedical research, in the UK and internationally, spending over £600 million each year to support the brightest scientists with the best ideas. The Wellcome Trust supports public debate about biomedical research and its impact on health and wellbeing.

4. The development partners for UK PubMed Central are:
The British Library, Mimas and NaCTeM (National Centre for Text Mining) at the University of Manchester, the European Bioinformatics Institute.

5. The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and one of the world's greatest research libraries. It provides world class information services to the academic, business, research and scientific communities and offers unparalleled access to the world's largest and most comprehensive research collection. The Library's collection has developed over 250 years and exceeds 150 million separate items representing every age of written civilisation. It includes: books, journals, manuscripts, maps, stamps, music, patents, newspapers and sound recordings in all written and spoken languages